Gas is a key energy resource for Singapore. About 95 per cent of electricity is generated using natural gas here. To ensure a competitive electricity market, the gas industry has been restructured since 2008.

Like the electricity market, the gas market is structured in a way that fosters competition. The gas transportation business is separated from the competitive businesses of gas import, shipping and retail. A set of rules called the Gas Network Code governs the activities of gas transportation, providing open and non-discriminatory access to the onshore gas pipeline network.

Town Gas and Natural Gas

There are two separate gas pipeline networks in Singapore – one is for town gas that is mainly used for cooking and heating by residential and commercial customers. The other is for natural gas that is mainly used for electricity generation and industrial feedstock. Town gas is produced by City Gas Pte Ltd, whilst natural gas is imported via licensed gas importers.

PowerGas, the Gas Transporter, a member of Singapore Power Group, is the gas transporter and owns both the town gas and natural gas pipelines in Singapore. It is responsible for transporting both town gas and natural gas through its gas pipelines to consumers, who buy gas from gas shippers and retailers. Town gas is produced by City Gas Pte Ltd, whilst natural gas is imported from other countries via licensed gas importers.

To ensure the reliability of Singapore’s energy supply, EMA adopts a forward-looking approach in planning for Singapore’s gas network and monitors the development of the natural gas transmission network.

EMA also works closely with PowerGas to review the natural gas transmission network plan annually. The existing transmission network is concentrated in the west. Depending on the needs, the network may be extended to meet industrial demand in the north-east of Singapore (potentially up to Lorong Halus).

For more information on applications for gas supply and pipeline capacity, please contact a licensed gas shipper from the list here. The shipper can help you approach PowerGas on the booking of pipeline capacity in accordance with the Gas Network Code. For general enquiries, please email to: ema_rd_gpid@ema.gov.sg.

Liquefied Natural Gas

Traditionally, most of Singapore’s natural gas has been imported from Indonesia and Malaysia through pipelines. Since May 2013, Singapore has started importing liquefied natural gas (LNG) to diversify and secure its energy sources.

A form of natural gas that can be more easily transported using ships rather than pipelines, LNG can be imported from all around the world.

The Singapore LNG Terminal began operations in May 2013 with two storage tanks and an initial throughput capacity of 3.5 million tonnes per annum (Mtpa). A third tank and additional regasification facilities were completed in January 2014, increasing the throughput capacity of the terminal to 6 Mtpa, and a Secondary Jetty was added to the operations in March 2014.

The terminal will see the construction of Phase 3. That is scheduled to begin by end 2014. The regasification facilities are expected to be completed by 2017, while the fourth tank is expected to be completed by 2018. The fourth LNG storage tank and additional regasification facilities will bring the terminal’s send-out capacity from the current 6 Mtpa to around 11 Mtpa.

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