These are the key highlights and changes that have shaped and defined the development of Singapore's energy landscape.

Date Event

Apr 2001

EMA was established to ensure a reliable and secure energy supply, promote effective competition in the energy market and develop a dynamic energy sector in Singapore.

Singapore Power Ltd's electricity generation business was divested to level the playing field in the electricity industry.

Jul 2001

Companies with electricity demand of 2MW and above can buy electricity from a retailer of their choice. This marked the start of liberalising the electricity market.

Jan 2002

PowerGas Ltd's gas import and retail business was divested to level the playing field in the gas industry.

Jan 2003

Trading in the National Electricity Market of Singapore (NEMS) began, thus enhancing competition in electricity generation.

Jun 2003

Electricity consumption threshold was lowered to allow companies supplied at High Tension to be eligible to switch to a retailer of their choice.

Aug 2003

Start of gas imports from South Sumatra, Indonesia

Jan 2004

Vesting contracts were introduced to curb the exercise of market power by power generation companies.

Feb 2006

Large consumers whose average monthly electricity consumption was 10,000 kWh and above became eligible to switch to a retailer of their choice. They formed 75% of Singapore's total electricity demand.

Aug 2006

Government decided to import liquefied natural gas (LNG) to enhance energy security through diversifying supply sources.

Apr 2008

BG Asia Pacific Pte Limited (now a subsidiary of Royal Dutch Shell plc) was appointed as the exclusive supplier and LNG Aggregator for up to 3 million tonnes per annum of LNG or until the year 2023, whichever is earlier.

Sep 2008

Opening of gas market to promote competition in the gas industry.

Nov 2008

EMA organised its inaugural Singapore International Energy Week (SIEW).

Jun 2009

Government announced decision to build and own Singapore's first LNG import terminal so as to import LNG from all over the world for supply diversification.

Jul 2009

EMA's mandate was broadened to take on industry development and promotional functions, in addition to its regulatory and operational responsibilities.

Mar 2010

Ground-breaking ceremony for Singapore's first LNG terminal took place at Jurong Island.


The Union of Power and Gas Employees (UPAGE) secured the commitment of seven unionised companies - Singapore Power Group, City Gas, Senoko Energy, PowerSeraya, Tuas Power, Sembcorp Industries and Keppel Merlimau Cogen - to roll out the Workforce Skills Qualification (WSQ) for energy utilities industry.

Jun 2011

The inter-agency Electric Vehicle (EV) Taskforce, co-led by EMA and the Land Transport Authority (LTA), announced the launch of the EV test-bed in Singapore to test the feasibility of EV prototypes and technologies in Singapore's urbanised environment.

Oct 2011

The Singapore Energy Statistics report was launched to provide an integrated one-stop compilation of Singapore’s key energy statistics and trends in the electricity and gas sectors.

Mar 2012

EMA formed an industry-led Power Sector Manpower taskforce, to identify and recommend strategies to build up manpower capabilities for Singapore’s power sector.

Oct 2012

The Singapore Energy Award, a biennial award, was launched to recognise organisations and individuals who have made outstanding contributions to Singapore’s energy sector through achievements in areas of capability development or innovations.

May 2013

The LNG Terminal received its first commercial cargo and started commercial operations.

Oct 2013

A micro-grid incorporating solar photovoltaic technology was launched to provide residents on Pulau Ubin with lower cost, cleaner and more reliable electricity supply.

Feb 2014

Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong officiated the opening of the LNG Terminal.

Apr 2014

Electricity consumption threshold was lowered from 10,000 kWh to 8,000 kWh to allow more non-residential consumers to be eligible to switch to a retailer.     

Oct 2014

Electricity consumption threshold was further lowered to 4,000 kWh, with 76,000 Consumer & Industrial accounts becoming eligible to switch to a retailer.
 Apr 2015 EMA, in partnership with the Singapore Exchange and the electricity industry, launched the Electricity Futures Market. This initiative aims to enhance market competition which will ultimately benefit consumers in the form of competitive prices and greater retail choices.

Jun 2015

EMA launched the National Energy Competency Framework to strengthen the power sector’s manpower capabilities. Developed in collaboration with the Union of Power and Gas Employees and the Workforce Development Agency, the framework charts the career progression pathways for electricity and gas job families within the Power sector.

Jul 2015

Consumption threshold was lowered from 4,000 kWh to 2,000 kWh which allowed an additional 13,500 accounts (10,000 consumers) to buy electricity from a retailer of their choice. 

May 2016

EMA launched a Request for Proposal to implement a utility-scale Energy Storage System (ESS) test-bed.

Oct 2016

EMA appointed Pavilion Gas Pte Ltd and Shell Eastern Trading Pte Ltd to import the second tranche of LNG for Singapore.

Oct 2017

EMA launched its first Regulatory Sandbox to enable the energy sector to test new products and services.

Apr 2018

Soft launch of the Open Electricity Market in Jurong, allowing 120,000 household and small business consumer accounts to buy electricity from a retailer of their choice.

Nov 2018

Nationwide launch of the Open Electricity Market was rolled out by zones to about 1.4 million household and small business consumer accounts.
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