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Our Energy Story


Discover how the Singapore Energy Story sets the vision towards a net-zero energy future.

Energy Supply

Gain insights into the four switches that power Singapore’s economy and our daily lives.

Energy Demand

Discover ways to enhance energy efficiency and lower your carbon footprint.

Energy Grid

Explore how EMA ensures a reliable and secure energy supply for everyone.

Energy Market Landscape

Learn about the intricacies of Singapore’s energy market structure and operations.

Consumer Information


Get tips on buying electricity and protecting your family from electrical hazards.


Learn about purchasing gas and safeguarding your family against gas hazards.


Access information on installing solar panels at your home and selling excess electricity to the national grid.

Regulations & Licences


Stay up-to-date with the latest regulations, policies and frameworks governing the energy sector.


Learn about the licences that EMA issues to different stakeholders in the energy sector.

Regulatory Publications

Read about the Codes of Practice and Circulars that EMA publishes to regulate the energy sector.


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R&D Partnerships

Discover how EMA works with stakeholders to catalyse new and innovative digital technologies.

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Learn about EMA’s efforts in nurturing talent and cultivate interest in the energy sector.

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The Future of Singapore's Energy Story

29 Oct 2019
Media Releases 29 Oct 2019

Our Energy Story will harness "4 Switches", energy efficiency and the power of co-creation
to create a sustainable energy future for Singapore.

  1. Singapore's energy sector has come a long way since its early days. Over the last 50 years, we have moved from oil to natural gas for cleaner power generation. We are also starting to see more solar energy on rooftops and reservoirs. We have improved the reliability of the energy system, while keeping costs affordable.
  2. Looking ahead, climate change is a challenge that requires us to change the way we use and produce energy, especially if energy demand continues to rise with economic growth. Singapore's energy sector will need to evolve in order to achieve our vision of a clean and efficient energy future.
  3. The "4 Switches"
  4. Minister for Trade & Industry Chan Chun Sing at the Singapore International Energy Week (SIEW) 2019 today spoke about the need to create our Energy Story together. The Energy Story will harness "4 Switches" to guide and transform our energy supply. This will be supported by greater efforts in energy efficiency to reduce energy demand. The "4 Switches" will comprise:
    • 1st Switch: Natural Gas – About 95% of Singapore's electricity is generated using natural gas, the cleanest fossil fuel today. Natural gas will continue to be a dominant fuel for Singapore in the near future as we scale up our other switches. Government will help generation companies improve the efficiency of their power plants.

    • 2nd Switch: Solar – This remains Singapore's most promising renewable energy source. We are on track to reach our solar target of 350 megawatt-peak (MWp) by 2020. The Government is working towards achieving a new solar target of at least 2 gigawatt-peak (GWp) by 2030, and an energy storage deployment target of 200 MW beyond 2025.

    • 3rd Switch: Regional Power Grids – Singapore will also explore ways to tap on regional power grids to access energy that is cost-competitive. This could be realised through bilateral cooperation or regional initiatives.

    • 4th Switch: Emerging Low-Carbon Alternatives – We will also look into emerging low-carbon solutions that have the potential to help reduce Singapore's carbon footprint. These could include carbon capture, utilisation or storage technologies and hydrogen.
    New Solar Target of at least 2 GWp by 2030
  5. The Government will work with companies, researchers and the public to deploy at least 2 GWp of solar by 2030 – enough to meet the annual power needs of around 350,000 households in Singapore[1]. This would increase solar adoption in Singapore by about 8 times from today's installed capacity. To facilitate greater solar adoption, Singapore will deploy and maximise solar panels over available spaces. These could include rooftops, reservoirs and offshore spaces. Besides increasing our clean energy supply, solar will improve energy security by tapping on alternative energy sources.
  6. More Energy Storage for More Solar
  7. Energy storage can address solar intermittency and enhance grid resilience by managing mismatches between electricity supply and demand. The Energy Market Authority (EMA) will support a large-scale, nationwide deployment of Energy Storage Systems (ESS), with a target of 200 MW beyond 2025. To do so, EMA will work closely with the industry and agencies to build test-beds and standards to support the deployment of ESS in Singapore.
  8. Among the collaborations will be a research grant awarded under EMA's partnership with the Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning (KETEP). This will help promising Singaporean and Korean firms to co-develop innovative solutions towards the management and safety of ESS. Project details can be found in the ANNEX below.
  9. Co-creating our Energy Story
  10. Our Energy Story is a long-term effort, and everyone has a role to play in creating this story. To make this vision a reality, the Government will work hand-in-hand with all stakeholders, including businesses, research communities, youths and young scientists, the Union of Power and Gas Employees and the public.

[An infographic on the Energy Story is in Annex A]

[1] This assumes (a) a DC-to-AC conversion ratio of 0.77; (b) a solar PV load factor of 14%, which is the average percentage of solar output expected in a year; and (c) an average monthly household electricity consumption of 444.3kWh (based on 2017 data).

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