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Our Energy Story


Discover how the Singapore Energy Story sets the vision towards a net-zero energy future.

Energy Supply

Gain insights into the four switches that power Singapore’s economy and our daily lives.

Energy Demand

Discover ways to enhance energy efficiency and lower your carbon footprint.

Energy Grid

Explore how EMA ensures a reliable and secure energy supply for everyone.

Energy Market Landscape

Learn about the intricacies of Singapore’s energy market structure and operations.

Consumer Information


Get tips on buying electricity and protecting your family from electrical hazards.


Learn about purchasing gas and safeguarding your family against gas hazards.


Access information on installing solar panels at your home and selling excess electricity to the national grid.

Regulations & Licences


Stay up-to-date with the latest regulations, policies and frameworks governing the energy sector.


Learn about the licences that EMA issues to different stakeholders in the energy sector.

Regulatory Publications

Read about the Codes of Practice and Circulars that EMA publishes to regulate the energy sector.


Calls for Proposal

Collaborate with EMA in co-creating innovative solutions for the energy sector.


Give your comments and feedback on EMA’s policies and regulations.

R&D Partnerships

Discover how EMA works with stakeholders to catalyse new and innovative digital technologies.

Talent Development

Learn about EMA’s efforts in nurturing talent and cultivate interest in the energy sector.

Welcome to EMA’s new website. We would love to get your valuable feedback through FormSG.

Chapter 3: Energy Consumption

Electricity Consumption

Singapore’s total electricity consumption increased by 5.3%, from 50.8 TWh in 2020 to 53.5 TWh in 2021. It increased in tandem with the Gross Domestic Product (GDP), which rose from SGD 461.06* billion in 2020 to SGD 496.16* billion in 2021.


All sectors saw a growth in electricity consumption in 2021, with the Information and Communications sector having the largest percentage growth of 30.7%, followed by the Construction sector of 22%.


The Industrial-related sector remained the largest consumer of electricity in 2021 (41.7% or 22.3 TWh), followed by Commerce & Services-related (37.1% or 19.8 TWh) and Household (15.5% or 8.3 TWh) sectors.

* GDP In Chained (2015) Dollar published by DOS.

Electricity Consumption By Sector

Overall Electricity Consumption:

26.9 TWh in 2022*

Overall Electricity Consumption:53.5 TWh in 2021

Overall Electricity Consumption:50.8 TWh in 2020

Overall Electricity Consumption:51.7 TWh in 2019

Overall Electricity Consumption:50.5 TWh in 2018

Overall Electricity Consumption:49.6 TWh in 2017

Overall Electricity Consumption:48.6 TWh in 2016

*Data for 2022 is as at Jun-22.

Electricity Consumption By Sector

Average Annual Household Electricity Consumption by Planning Area

Housing Category

*Data for 2022 is as at Jun-22.

**Note the change in scale for Public Housing category.

Natural Gas Consumption

Final end-use consumption of Natural Gas, excluding those used in power generation (such as MPPs or Autoproducers*) and oil refining, increased by 5.8% from 68,591.4 TJ in 2020 to 72,600.3 TJ in 2021. The Industrial-related sector remained the largest consumer of Natural Gas in 2021 (89.7% or 65,112.5 TJ), followed by Commerce & Services-related sector (5.8% or 4,192.5 TJ).

*Refers to enterprises that produce electricity but for whom the production is not their principal activity.

Natural Gas Consumption By Sector

Overall Natural Gas Consumption:

72,600.2 TJ in 2021

Overall Natural Gas Consumption:

68,591.4 TJ in 2020

Overall Natural Gas Consumption:

62,064 TJ in 2019

Overall Natural Gas Consumption:

61,943.4 TJ in 2018

Overall Natural Gas Consumption:

60,226.6 TJ in 2017

Overall Natural Gas Consumption:

56,949.2 TJ in 2016

*Excluding natural gas consumptions by power generators for electricity generation.

Natural Gas Consumption By Sector

Average Annual Household Town Gas Consumption by Planning Area

Housing Category

*Data for 2022 is as at Jun-22.

**Note the change in scale for Public Housing category.