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Our Energy Story


Discover how the Singapore Energy Story sets the vision towards a net-zero energy future.

Energy Supply

Gain insights into the four switches that power Singapore’s economy and our daily lives.

Energy Demand

Discover ways to enhance energy efficiency and lower your carbon footprint.

Energy Grid

Explore how EMA ensures a reliable and secure energy supply for everyone.

Energy Market Landscape

Learn about the intricacies of Singapore’s energy market structure and operations.

Consumer Information


Get tips on buying electricity and protecting your family from electrical hazards.


Learn about purchasing gas and safeguarding your family against gas hazards.


Access information on installing solar panels at your home and selling excess electricity to the national grid.

Regulations & Licences


Stay up-to-date with the latest regulations, policies and frameworks governing the energy sector.


Learn about the licences that EMA issues to different stakeholders in the energy sector.

Regulatory Publications

Read about the Codes of Practice and Circulars that EMA publishes to regulate the energy sector.


Calls for Proposal

Collaborate with EMA in co-creating innovative solutions for the energy sector.


Give your comments and feedback on EMA’s policies and regulations.

R&D Partnerships

Discover how EMA works with stakeholders to catalyse new and innovative digital technologies.

Talent Development

Learn about EMA’s efforts in nurturing talent and cultivate interest in the energy sector.

Welcome to EMA's website. We would love to have your valuable feedback.

Chapter 3: Energy Consumption

Electricity Consumption

Singapore’s total electricity consumption in 2022 increased, rising by 2.6% from 53.5 TWh in 2021 to 54.9 TWh in 2022.


Commerce and Services-related sector saw a 6.8% growth in 2022 compared to 2021, with the Information and Communications sector having the largest percentage growth of 20.4%.


The Industrial-related sector remained the largest consumer of electricity in 2022 (41.3% or 22.7 TWh), followed by the Commerce & Services-related (38.6 % or 21.2 TWh) and Household (14.4% or 7.9 TWh) sectors.


As of first half 2023, Singapore consumed a total of 26.5 TWh of electricity, with the largest consumer in the Industrial-related sector (10.9 TWh), followed by the Commerce & Services-related (10.3 TWh) and Household (3.8 TWh) sectors.


* GDP In Chained (2015) Dollar published by Singapore Department of Statistics.

Electricity Consumption By Sector

Overall Electricity Consumption:

26.5 TWh in 1H 2023

Overall Electricity Consumption:

54.9 TWh in 2022

Overall Electricity Consumption:

53.5 TWh in 2021

Overall Electricity Consumption:

50.8 TWh in 2020

Overall Electricity Consumption:

51.7 TWh in 2019

Overall Electricity Consumption:

50.5 TWh in 2018

Overall Electricity Consumption:

49.6 TWh in 2017

*Data for 2023 is as at Jun-2023.

Electricity Consumption By Sector

Average Monthly Household Electricity Consumption by Planning Area

Housing Category

*Data for 2023 is as at Jun-2023.

**Note the change in scale for different housing category selected.

Natural Gas Consumption

Final end-use consumption of Natural Gas, excluding those used in power generation (as Main Power Producers or Autoproducers*) and oil refining, decreased by 0.04% from 72,913.5 TJ in 2021 to 72,881.2 TJ in 2022. The industrial-related sector remained the largest consumer of Natural Gas in 2022 (88.5% or 64,495.6 TJ), followed by Commerce & Services related sector (7.3% or 5,334.7 TJ).


*Refers to enterprises that produce electricity but for whom the production is not their principal activity.

Natural Gas Consumption By Sector

Overall Natural Gas Consumption: 

72,881.2 TJ in 2022

Overall Natural Gas Consumption:

72,913.5 TJ in 2021

Overall Natural Gas Consumption:

68,591.4 TJ in 2020

Overall Natural Gas Consumption:

62,064.0 TJ in 2019

Overall Natural Gas Consumption:

61,943.4 TJ in 2018

Overall Natural Gas Consumption:

60,226.6 TJ in 2017

*Excluding natural gas consumptions by power generators for electricity generation.

Natural Gas Consumption By Sector

Average Monthly Household Town Gas Consumption by Planning Area

Housing Category

*Data for 2023 is as at Jun-2023.

**Note the change in scale for different housing category selected.