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Our Energy Story


Discover how the Singapore Energy Story sets the vision towards a net-zero energy future.

Energy Supply

Gain insights into the four switches that power Singapore’s economy and our daily lives.

Energy Demand

Discover ways to enhance energy efficiency and lower your carbon footprint.

Energy Grid

Explore how EMA ensures a reliable and secure energy supply for everyone.

Energy Market Landscape

Learn about the intricacies of Singapore’s energy market structure and operations.

Consumer Information


Get tips on buying electricity and protecting your family from electrical hazards.


Learn about purchasing gas and safeguarding your family against gas hazards.


Access information on installing solar panels at your home and selling excess electricity to the national grid.

Regulations & Licences


Stay up-to-date with the latest regulations, policies and frameworks governing the energy sector.


Learn about the licences that EMA issues to different stakeholders in the energy sector.

Regulatory Publications

Read about the Codes of Practice and Circulars that EMA publishes to regulate the energy sector.


Calls for Proposal

Collaborate with EMA in co-creating innovative solutions for the energy sector.


Give your comments and feedback on EMA’s policies and regulations.

R&D Partnerships

Discover how EMA works with stakeholders to catalyse new and innovative digital technologies.

Talent Development

Learn about EMA’s efforts in nurturing talent and cultivate interest in the energy sector.

View the latest quarterly electricity tariff revision for the period from April to June 2024.

Chapter 1: Energy Supply

Imports & Exports of Energy Products

In 2022, Singapore imported 145.3 Mtoe of energy products, 2.8% lower than the preceding year. This was primarily due to lower imports of Petroleum Products, especially in the form of Fuel Oil (13.4% decrease).

The major share of Singapore’s energy imports continued to be in the form of Petroleum Products (58.1 %).

Natural Gas imports totalled 10.5 Mtoe in 2022, with the bulk comprising Piped Natural Gas (6.4 Mtoe). The amount of Natural Gas imports decreased by 0.8% in 2022. While the amount of Pipeline Natural Gas imported decreased by 13.0%, the amount of Liquefied Natural Gas increased by 27.0%

Energy products exports fell by 4.1%, from 75.8 Mtoe in 2021 to 72.7 Mtoe in 2022. This decrease was due mainly to lower exports of Petroleum Products (71.7 Mtoe) in 2022.

Imports & Exports of Energy Products

Stock Change

In 2021, there was a net stock draw of 750.6 ktoe of total energy products. Stock draw in 2021 comprised Crude Oil & Natural Gas Liquids (440.7 ktoe) and Petroleum Products (470.3 ktoe). On the other hand, there was a stock build of Natural Gas (160.4 ktoe).

Note: Stock change is the difference between the opening and closing stock levels at a national level on the first and last day of the calendar year, respectively. A net increase in stock change refers to a stock draw as it is an addition to supply. A net decrease in stock change denotes a stock build as supply is withdrawn into inventory. This definition of stock change is in accordance with the International Energy Agency (IEA)'s definition.

Stock Change (as at end period)