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Energy Balance

Chapter 04



Electricity Balance

Singapore generated 55.8 TWh of electricity in 2021. Of this, 91.8% (or 48.4 TWh) was generated by Main Power Producers*, while the remaining 8.2% (or 4.6 TWh) was by Autoproducers. Own-use and losses in the Transformation** sector amounted to 1.8 TWh.

The Industrial-related and Commerce & Services-related sectors accounted for 41.7% (or 22.3 TWh) and 37.1% (or 19.8 TWh) of Singapore’s total electricity consumption of 53.5 TWh in 2021 respectively. Household and the Transport-related sectors contributed to 15.5% (or 8.3 TWh) and 5.3% (or 2.8 TWh) of total electricity consumption respectively.

*Refers to enterprises that produce electricity but for whom the production is not their principal activity.
**Shows how energy is transformed, transferred, and used by energy industries for their own use and losses in distribution and transmission.


*Data for 2022 is as at Jun-22.


Natural Gas Balance

The total Natural Gas supply in Singapore was 438,113.7 TJ in 2021. This was contributed by an import of 444,830.1 TJ of Natural Gas into Singapore and a stock build of 6,716.3 TJ from the inventory.

About 373,597.2 TJ of Natural Gas, representing 85.3% of total Natural Gas supply, was used for power generation in 2021. Another 72,600.3 TJ of Natural Gas, which included Town Gas, was consumed directly by end-consumers.

The Industrial-related sector accounted for 89.7% (or 65,112.5 TJ) of total Natural Gas consumption by end-users. The remainder was consumed primarily by users in the Commerce & Services-related sector (5.8% or 4,192.5 TJ) and by Households (4.2% or 3,036.3 TJ).