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Energy Balance

Chapter 04



Electricity Balances

Singapore generated 54.1 TWh of electricity in 2019. Of these, 91.7% (or 49.6 TWh) was generated by MPP, while the remaining 8.3% (or 4.5 TWh) was by Autoproducers*. Own-use and losses in the Transformation** sector amounted to 2.2 TWh.

The Industrial-related and Commerce & Services-related sectors accounted for 41.5% (or 21.4 TWh) and 37.3% (or 19.3 TWh) of Singapore’s total electricity consumption of 51.7 TWh in 2019 respectively. Households and the Transport-related sector contributed to 14.9% (or 7.7 TWh) and 5.8% (or 3.0 TWh) of total electricity consumption respectively.

*Refers to enterprises that produce electricity but for whom the production is not their principal activity.
**Shows how energy is transformed, transferred, and used by energy industries for their own use and losses in distribution and transmission.



Natural Gas Balances

Natural Gas imports into Singapore amounted to 424,859.6 TJ in 2019. Supplemented by a stock build of 217.5 TJ from inventory, total Natural Gas supply in Singapore reached 424,642.1 TJ in 2019.

About 366,545.34 TJ of Natural Gas, representing 86.3% of total Natural Gas supply, was used for power generation in 2019. Another 60,027.9 TJ of Natural Gas, which included Town Gas, was consumed directly by end-consumers.

The Industrial-related sector accounted for 89.2% (or 53,523.56 TJ) of total Natural Gas consumption by end-users. The remainder was consumed primarily by users in the Commerce & Services-related sector (6.0% or 3,591.5 TJ) and by Households (4.4% or 2,649.3 TJ).